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Amblyopia: what it is and how it is treated

little girl with bandaged eye

Amblyopia is a pathology that tends to develop in childhood and which can lead to a reduction in vision. Let’s find out what it is and how to cure it.

Amblyopia, also called lazy eye, is a condition that usually affects only one eye and can occur at any time in childhood.
It is a form of lack on the part of the visual apparatus which, due to an incorrect interpretation of the information reaching the brain, is partially (and sometimes completely) reduced from one eye.
It is generally a reversible condition but must be treated carefully.

Amblyopia: causes and symptoms

Among the main causes of amblyopia are myopia, astigmatism and hyperopia. If not properly treated, these pathologies in fact lead to omitting the vision from one eye in order to have sharper images . It is therefore a problem that it is important to notice in the bud in order to be able to solve it in the shortest possible time.

little girl with bandaged eye
little girl with bandaged eye

In rare cases, the causes may also include congenital pathologies that will eventually be discovered during the visit for amblyopia and its diagnosis.

To recognize amblyopia, the symptoms to watch out for are:

– Visual fatigue
– Misalignment of the eyes
Double vision
– Reduced vision
– Blurred vision

In case of lazy eye, the symptoms should therefore be reported immediately to the ophthalmologist in order to obtain a precise diagnosis and related treatment.

How amblyopia is treated

In order for the problem to subside, it is necessary to correct any vision problems and train the eye considered lazy. Generally, to do this we tend to cover the healthy one in order to force the vision with the one that is used less.

This can be done with a bandage to be applied on the eyes or on the lenses and which will be kept for the time deemed necessary by the ophthalmologist.
It is a form of therapy that can last from a few months to a few years but which generally proves to be functional. In more difficult cases, the doctor may also prescribe medications . These can be particularly useful but also require more attention due to the various side effects.

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