Follow us

Health

Aplastic anemia: what it is and what are the symptoms to recognize

aplastic anemia

Aplastic anemia is a type of anemia caused by an insufficient number of red blood cells. Let’s find out what it depends on and what the symptoms are.

When we talk about aplastic or anaplastic anemia we mean the pathology that affects the bone marrow and which is characterized by the lack of red, white blood cells and platelets. It can be idiopathic, i.e. not attributable to precise causes, or secondary, i.e. due to other pathologies. It can also have hereditary or acquired origins. The latter may be due to pregnancy or the presence of autoimmune diseases. In other cases, however, they can come from infections or from contact with harmful substances such as pesticides, benzene and others that in some subjects can predispose to aplastic anemia.

Aplastic anemia: the symptoms that it is important to learn to recognize

This type of anemia is often difficult to diagnose as it has very different courses.

aplastic anemia
aplastic anemia

It can appear suddenly or gradually leading to symptoms that, at least in severity, appear different from each other. Among the most common are:

Pallor
– Excessive tiredness
– Dizziness
– Migraine
– Nausea
– Skin rashes
– Arrhythmias
– Epistaxis
– Petechiae
– Bleeding of the gums
– Ease of getting infections
– Sense of general malaise

These can vary based on the largest deficiency in white, red and platelet blood cells and on the severity of the anemia.

How to get aplastic anemia diagnosis and what to do

As already mentioned, anaplastic anemia is not always easy to recognize. In general, in addition to a careful anamnesis, a series of checks such as the blood count with investigation of the presence of values ​​such as iron , folic acid and vitamin B12 are needed. Then there is the bone marrow biopsy with needle aspiration which, in case of suspicion, confirms it.

In the case of overt anemia, there are different types of treatment ranging from the elimination of drugs or substances that, in some cases, can cause it and up to blood transfusions. Then there is also the immunosuppressive therapy and in severe cases the bone marrow transplant.

Generally, the type of treatment is chosen in harmony with the doctor and based on various factors such as age, lifestyle and, of course, the severity of the situation.

Advertisement

Read also

Recipes4 hours ago

Mushroom burger: the recipe for the tasty vegan burger!

The mushroom burger is an easy to prepare and very tasty veg dish, ideal as an alternative to meat. If...

Recipes7 hours ago

It’s easy to say gnocchi, but how many are there?

There are many recipes of gnocchi, one better than the other. Here are our proposals from the great classics to...

Recipes9 hours ago

How to make gnocchi alla romana: the original recipe of semolina au gratin in the oven

How to make soft and crunchy gnocchi alla romana: quick and worry-free preparation with a few simple ingredients. There are...

Recipes11 hours ago

What a caramel scent the biscoff cake!

Biscoff cake is an easy cake with a refined look. Try it to discover the caramelized flavor given by the...

Health11 hours ago

Propolis for children: how much and how to give it so as not to make mistakes

Propolis for children is a harmless and especially useful remedy during the autumn season. Let’s find out how much and...

Recipes13 hours ago

Impossible to resist the Oreo and Nutella cheesecake

Perfect for all occasions, Oreo and Nutella cheesecake is something unimaginable. Let’s find out the recipe to prepare it together....

Recipes1 day ago

How to preserve the aroma of basil all year round?

Basil powder is made in 3 ways: in the sun, in the oven or with the microwave. In all cases...

Recipes1 day ago

Persimmon jam with the Thermomix: the quick recipe for autumn!

Good with bread, to fill sweets and biscuits and quick to make thanks to the food processor: persimmon jam with...

Advertisement
Advertisement