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Cervicitis: what it is and what are the symptoms

gynecological examination

Cervicitis is inflammation of the last part of the uterus. Let’s find out what it is, why it comes and what are the symptoms to recognize.

When we talk about cervicitis we mean inflammation of the cervix, or the lower part of the uterus that flows into the vagina. Its occurrence may depend on various factors, the most common of which are usually infections .

This is a problem that must be recognized early as if left untreated it can rise up the cervix to the reproductive organs and lead to pelvic inflammatory disease. However, it is not always easy to spot as it can sometimes turn out to be asymptomatic or have symptoms that may initially lead to suspicion of other problems.

Cervicitis: the most important causes

Inflammation of the cervix can come from sudden infections such as those transmitted by sexually transmitted diseases or those caused by bacteria.

gynecological examination
gynecological examination

To trigger it, however, there may also be other factors such as chemicals present in the water, objects present for too long in the vagina (such as the diaphragm), latex allergy and gynecological procedures.
When the problem has lasted for months, we speak of chronic cervicitis and in this case the cause is no longer due to infections but to inflammatory problems.

To recognize it, tests are usually carried out that start from a sample. This is taken from the cervix.

Cervicitis: the symptoms to recognize

An inflamed uterus may also have no symptoms. And for this reason it can happen that cervicitis is discovered by chance during laboratory tests.It is also true, however, that there are symptoms that if they arise it is very important not to underestimate. These include vaginal discharge, bleeding after sexual or non-menstrual intercourse, constant irritation of the vagina and pain during intercourse or urination. In the event of an infection, fever may also occur sporadically.

Uterine inflammation, once found, is usually treated with the administration of antibiotics or antiviral drugs that will be chosen based on the triggering cause. In the case of herpes simplex virus, however, the infection is persistent and must be kept under control with antiviral drugs even though it cannot be cured.

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