Gout: what it is and how to recognize its symptoms

Find out how to recognize gout and the causes that inflame the joints.

Gout is an inflammation of the joints which usually affects the big toe. However, it can also affect other joints, such as knees, ankles, wrists, heels or elbows. This inflammation is due to a buildup of uric acid, which usually is dissolved in blood.

When there is a high amount of this substance, the kidneys cannot dispose of it anymore. As a consequence, uric acid crystals settle, causing not only gout, but also kidney stones.

The gout symptoms are quite common and sometimes can be very painful. Externally, this disorder causes protrusions next to the inflamed joint. Let’s see the main causes of this problem, its symptoms and how to prevent it.

Gout: symptoms

The first symptom is a severe joint pain. Usually, gout affects the big toe, but also heels or ankles. The pain can last for days and disappear slowly.

The second visible symptom is the swelling where there is the inflammation. It can vary according to the inflammation level, and it can make difficult to wear shoes. Finally, the interested area reddends and heats up.

Causes

Photo source: https://pixabay.com/it/photos/donna-piede-relax-trattamento-3061123/

The first cause of this problem is overweight. If you do not eat well and you are overweight, you can risk uric acid buildups. As a consequence, it settles in the kidneys causing gout and other problems.

Even though you are not overweight, if you drink too much alcohol you can be affected by this disease. Therefore, try and limit the number of your drinks, in order to avoid damages and problems.

Another cause can be diuretic medicines. Talk with your doctor and consider the possibility to replace this drug you are taking.

How to prevent gout and protrusions?

In order to prevent severe pain and protrusions, you can start by following a healthy diet. The best thing to do is to drink at least two liters of water per day and avoid soft drinks and alcohol.

Limit also foods containg purins, because they promote the production of uric acid. Among these, there are red meat and legumes. Obviously, you need to keep fit, together with your doctor, choose the best diet for you!

Photo source: https://pixabay.com/it/photos/donna-piede-relax-trattamento-3061123/

ultimo aggiornamento: 07-06-2019

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