Many researches dispelled the myth: the so-called “hypoallergenic” dogs do not reduce the risk of developing asthma and allergies in children.
In the last few years, people have been talking a lot about hypoallergenic dogs and the fact that they do not cause reactions in individuals suffering from allergies or asthma. This problem is very common among young people. But are there actual dog breeds which can reduce this risk?
Hypoallergenic dogs: do they exist?
If someone in your family is allergic to dog hairs or suffers from asthma, but you do not want to give up on a pet, the solution could be a hypoallergenic dog. We often hear about this possibility, but is it true?
Some dog breeds are more suitable for people suffering from asthma or allergies. However, a Swedish study proved that the risk of developing these respiratory problems is not linked to the pet breed.
Researchers from the Karolinska Institutet of the Uppsala University analyzed different breed and size dogs. They also considered situations in which people kept more than one pet. They compared the outcomes with datas of 23.000 children born between January, 1st 2001 and December, 31st 2004 that at the moment of the research were one year old and were living with a dog.
Dog breeds for allergic people: which ones?
The research showed that children who live with dogs grow up with a minor risk of suffering from asthma or allergies. There’s more: this risk is not further reduced if we talk about the so-called hypoallergenic dogs.
On the contrary, these breeds can cause an increase of allergies, but not asthma. Living with this type of pet increases the risk of allergic reactions of the 27%. The reason is simple: families with parents who suffer from allergies are more likely to choose hypoallergenic dogs. As a consequence, it is more likely that their children are sensible to some allergens, just like their mom and dad.
However, researchers also proved that female dogs have a lower probability (16% less) of causing allergic reactions. Moreover, keeping two or more dogs further reduces the risk. It is 21% less than with children who do not have pets.
So there are no specific dog breeds for people suffering from some respiratory diseases. However, from a psychophysical point of view, children benefit a lot from growing up with one or more pets.
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ultimo aggiornamento: 17-03-2019