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Interstitial cystitis: what it is, what the symptoms are and how to treat it


Interstitial cystitis is a rather complex pathology that causes pain and which in many cases can be disabling. Let’s get to know it better and find out what are the possible treatments.

When we talk about interstitial cystitis we mean the chronic syndrome which concerns the progressive destruction of the superficial layer of the bladder. It can occur in both men and women, and the symptoms are so painful that they compromise the quality of life of the sufferer.

Among the most common causes appear to be the loss (not yet explained) of the lining of the bladder wall, mast cell hyperactivity, pelvic floor contracture and protracted inflammation that generates neuropathy.

Interstitial cystitis: the symptoms that it is important to learn to recognize

This particular form of cystitis is often difficult to diagnose, causing sufferers to run in circles for some time, thus worsening their situation.


Generally, it seems to generally take between five and seven years for a confirmation. Going to the symptoms, the most frequent are:

– Urgency voiding
– Very frequent urination (even every half hour)
– Limited bladder capacity
Suprapubic pain
– Frequent nocturnal urination that disturbs sleep
– Severe pains both during the day and in urination

In men, the problem can affect the scrotum and perineum.

Interstitial cystitis: the cure to follow to improve

Since this is a rare and complex disease, the types of treatments available are different and must be chosen from time to time based on the type of problems present and their extent. Typically it starts with lifestyle changes and stress management, avoiding situations that can lead to constipation, recurring infections, candida and other problems that can intensify pain as much as possible. There are also therapies specifically designed to strengthen the pelvic floor and to which Tens or drugs such as neuromodulators and muscle relaxants can be added.

In more serious cases, bladder infiltrations or sacral neuromodulation and surgery can occur. In all cases it is a question of treating the symptoms and not the disease which, if well treated, can still undergo total remissions.

As for interstitial cystitis and diet, it is usually recommended to avoid inflammatory foods and especially all spicy ones. Furthermore, chocolate, sausages, tomatoes, citrus fruits, overly strong spices and alcohol should be avoided.

What about interstitial cystitis and disability? As this is a rare disease , it is possible to get help. To do this, it is necessary to contact your urologist in order to obtain a diagnosis after which you can present yourself to the INPS, obtaining benefits ranging from treatments, work permits up to a check in case of ascertained impossibility to work or lead a normal life.

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