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Rheumatic pathologies: what are they and which are the most common? Gout


There are many rheumatic diseases, there are over a hundred and more than 5.5 million people suffer from them in the Bel Paese alone.

Each pathology has its symptoms, its diagnostic methods, its treatments. In general, however, we can say that these types of problems have in common the fact that they involve the joints and that they usually have pain in the limbs and, over time, their reduced functional capacity. In many cases, in addition to the limbs, periarticular structures are involved such as ligaments, tendons, muscles and other organs and systems according to the specific pathology.

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Symptoms of rheumatic diseases

For the aforementioned reasons, arthralgia or myalgia alone (joint and muscle pain respectively), alone cannot give a clear indication of a rheumatic disease or another, so much so that this type of problem can also be symptoms of diseases that have nothing to do with rheumatic diseases. Moreover, they can occur, without precise reasons, at any age, even if in most cases they occur in adulthood, especially in the elderly.

Rheumatic diseases, which can occur suddenly or gradually, can be degenerative, inflammatory or dysmetabolic (i.e. linked to metabolic disorders). Usually, they have a chronic evolutionary trend and that is why they lead over time to a more or less problematic state of disability. However, in recent years research has made great strides and for this reason, thanks to drugs, it is still possible to live with the disease for a long time without problems.

What are rheumatic diseases?

Rheumatic diseases, as anticipated, are many and are different, specifically, for symptoms, diagnosis, prognosis. However, it is possible to group them on the basis of common characteristics. Those that are normally classified as “primary arthritis” arise between the ages of 20 and 40 and inflame bones, tendons and joints. The affected area usually stiffens and swells causing pain and difficulty in moving. These include: osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, scleroderma, gout .

There are also other disorders, often not associated with rheumatic diseases, but which are actually an integral part of it, such as extra-articular rheumatism (such as fasciitis, bursitis, fibromyalgia), osteoporosis, chronic painful rheumatism (including cervical, sciatica, lumbosciatica), infectious arthritis (bacterial or viral or Lyme disease), neurological rheumatism.

Gout: 41 million people worldwide suffer from it and cases are on the rise

In recent years, particular attention has been paid to gout, a rheumatic disease which today affects 41 million people worldwide and which unfortunately marks a percentage increase over the years. It is a disease where the high amount of uric acid in the blood leads to the formation of crystals in the joints, tissues and internal organs.

This disease is closely linked to the person’s lifestyle and conditions of overweight, as well as to nutrition. An excess of red meat and beer, for example, are certainly conditions that can favor the accumulation of uric acid, especially in obese subjects, who take drugs, who have recently undergone surgery or trauma, which concern conditions already problematic health (type 2 diabetes, hypertension, high cholesterol, kidney disease, metabolic syndromes).

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