Summer diseases: the 5 most common ones

Even in summer, we need to take care of our health, or some problems can ruin our holidays.

Everyone thinks that diseases only come in winter: for example, colds, fever and sudden respiratory problems. Instead, there are also summer diseases! Viruses and bacteria don’t go on holiday, therefore we need to be always ready. What are the most common summer diseases?

Sunstrokes and heatstrokes

Staying for too long under the sunrays can burn us. Moreover, it can cause sunstrokes, that cause high fever and rashes. Instead, heatstroke are more dangerous and can happen even when you are not outside. It is a form of hyperthermia. It usually happens when the body cannot regulate its temperature when it’s very hot.

The heatstroke symptoms are quite serious: high fever, hot and dry skin, no sweating, vertigoes, headache, allucinations, fast breathing, low pressure. In some cases, people can also faint. In these cases, it is fundamental to call an ambulance.

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Insect bite allergies

Bees, wasps, mosquitoes and other insects act in summer to “eat us alive”. In the vast majority of cases, insect bites are just annoying problems that cause itching, pain and swollen the interested area.

However, you need to pay attention to an eventual allergic reaction. If after an insect bite you have fever, gastrointestinal problems, breathlessness, hypotension and collapse, you need to go to the emergency room. You could be suffering from an anaphylactic shock and, in this case, you need a doctor.

Traveller’s diarrhea

This problem is called so because it often affects tourists going on holiday abroad, in places where there are certain viruses. Often, traveller’s diarrhea is caused by E. coli, giardia, rotavirus or salmonella.

The infection happens through contaminated water or food, especially in very hot and wet Countries, because this is the perfect environment for these viruses. This disease causes frequent diarrhea, abdominal pains, nausea, vomit and fever. In the most serious cases, you need to be careful and avoid dehydration.

Jellyfish stings

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When you are at the beach, pay attention to jellyfish! With their tentacles, they cause a burning reaction on the skin. Jellyfish release poisoning substances that cause very annoying symptoms, causing red spots on the interested area.

Moreover, their tentacles can also cause, other than intense pain, swelling and blisters. Usually, the pain goes away after about 30 minutes, leaving just a strong hitching. In rare cases, there can be an allergic reaction.

Mycosis

People who don’t go on the beach often choose to go to the swimming pool, instead. However, it bears risks anyway: we are talking about fungi. Among the most common summer skin disease there is mycosis. It is a very contagious infection that you can catch in public places, where it’s always hot and damp.

The main symptoms of mycosis are hitching and scaly spots among the fingers, on the foot sole or on the palms of the hands. If you want to avoid this disease, you just need to be careful: always use slippers and keep your skin clean and dry!

ultimo aggiornamento: 12-08-2019

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