There are more than 1,600 varieties of spiders in Italy, but not all of them are as poisonous as the violin spider. Let’s find out how to protect yourself from the bite of this arachnid.
Before discovering all the peculiarities of the violin spider, it is important to know that not all spiders are poisonous and that they bite humans only in exceptional cases. In fact, most of the time arachnids do this when they are disturbed. In general, the spider bite does not give serious consequences, but the situation changes for some species, such as this arachnid. So let’s try to understand how to recognize the violin spider and what to do in case of a bite.
Violin spider: size and where it lives
The violin spider, also known as the hermit spider, is a very small arachnid, brown or yellowish in color and has long legs. Its name derives from a particular spot on the abdomen, which recalls the profile of a violin.
Despite its common appearance, it is one of the most dangerous and poisonous kingdoms present on the national territory. Specifically we can say that the habitat preferred by the violin spider are the Mediterranean areas and rocky ravines, especially in the summer.
In winter, however, it is possible to find this species of arachnid even in homes , since it cannot stand the cold. In any case, the violin spider is known to be solitary and nocturnal, so much so that during the day it hides in cavities, behind skirting boards or furniture, but also in attics and cellars.
The bite of the violin spider: symptoms
As we have anticipated, the bite of the violin spider is among the most dangerous, especially because at the beginning it does not present symptoms . After the bite, in fact, there is no pain and no redness or other marks appear on the affected area. After a few hours, however, a red lesion begins to appear, accompanied by itching, burning, tingling and numbness.
In severe cases, the bite of this arachnid can develop necrosis and ulcers within 2-3 days. This is due to the fact that this spider, in addition to poison, injects bacteria into the victim that can survive without oxygen. These anaerobic organisms proliferate in the wound, aggravating the condition and making its course more difficult.
Other symptoms related to this arachnid bite are:
Muscle or kidney damage may also occur in the most severe cases, so that treatment in a hyperbaric chamber may be necessary. Despite its danger, the bite is not fatal, but if you do not intervene promptly it can also be lethal.
Violin spider: what to do in case of a sting
In case you suffer the bite of a hermit spider, the first thing to do is not to underestimate the injury. In fact, if treated incorrectly, the wound can worsen considerably. Therefore it is very important:
– do not tease or cut the area affected by the bite
-wash the bite point with soap and water, avoiding using too aggressive disinfectants
– pay attention to the onset of symptoms
-contact a doctor or the nearest Poison Control Center if the wound starts to hurt, swells or has a pale or purplish halo
– monitor the bite, even with photographs
-catch the spider to be able to identify it in the ER
How to prevent a violin spider bite
In general, to protect yourself from the bite of the violin spider, it is necessary not to touch the arachnid with bare hands. Furthermore, given its favorite habitats, it is useful to wear appropriate clothing if you need to do activities such as:
– move the wood
-work in the garden
-handle old cardboard boxes
Finally, it must be remembered that pesticide or pest control treatments are useless against arachnids, because these are not pests. However, we can count on several remedies to eliminate spiders in the home, including white wine vinegar or eucalyptus drops, whose smell is particularly unpleasant to them, or we can catch them with the help of tools such as a vacuum cleaner.
Cover photo source: https://pixabay.com/it/photos/ragno-pest-recluso-marrone-1448506/