The Asperger syndrome is an autism spectrum disorder: let’s find out its causes and the symptoms we must take into account.
In the last ten years, doctors have more deeply studied autism and its different disorders, among which there is the Asperger syndrome. It is a serious developmental disorder: its signs can begin from the earliest years of life.
This syndrome differs from autism because it does not characterized by cognitive retardation or language problems. For this reason, sometimes it is referred to as “high functioning autism”.
What is the Asperger syndrome?
The word “syndrome” indicates a series of symptoms characterizing a certain clinical picture. Asperger’s has some specific signs indicating significant difficulties in social interactions. The causes of this disorder are still unknown, but the majority of scientists agree it could be due to genetic and environmental factors.
Diagnosing Asperger’s is not easy, as the patient can have different levels of problems. Moreover, it is not easy to discern this syndrome from autism and other similar disorders. Asperger’s symptoms are not easy to recognize, especially in children. Nonetheless, it is fundamental to diagnose it as soon as possible, in order to improve the patient’s quality of life and avoid useless worries.
Asperger syndrome: symptoms
As we already mentioned, those who suffer from this disorder have social relations difficulties. This means they struggle in making friends and approach new people. Moreover, they lack emotional reciprocity and they have problems in using non-verbal behaviors.
For example, a child suffering from Asperger’s might avoid eye contact with people around. Moreover, the child can show indifference in other’s feelings or does not know how to approach other children in the right way.
What makes social interactions even more difficult for them is their restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior and interests. People suffering from the Asperger syndrome can deeply focus on specific topics, losing interest in everything else. Moreover, they often follow some “rituals” and repetitive gestures, such as twisting their hands.
Usually, their language is not compromised, but it has some characteristics: it can be refined and verbose. Furthermore, their communication skills are pedantic and their inflection rather limited. Patients with this disorder can have problems in interpreting non-literal language and understanding figurative language.
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