Mammography is a screening test for the early diagnosis of breast cancer: we discover its importance.
Mammography is an X-ray examination useful for diagnosing the presence of breast cancer in advance. This examination resembles a classic radiographic examination, but is performed through two radiographs: one taken from the side and the other from above.
At the beginning, the exam was recommended after entering the fifties, but now, in many regions of our country, numerous screening campaigns are launched for other age groups as well. Let’s see when it needs to be done and what it is.
What is mammography and what is it for?
Through this particular breast ultrasound it is possible to detect nodules that are not yet identifiable with simple palpation. In the event that there is a positive finding, further investigations will be needed to establish the nature of these nodules. In these cases, a second radiographic examination and also an ultrasound examination will be provided.
It has been established for years that early diagnosis is essential to be able to reduce the percentage of mortality due to breast cancer. In any case, however, this type of examination must be performed in the most “at risk” age groups, let’s see what they are.
Mammography: when to do it?
Mammography is a thorough examination that is recommended if, during a visit, you feel the presence of any nodules. In addition, it is increasingly recommended for women over 45 as a form of screening.
In our country, the state guarantees a free mammogram every two years for women between 50 and 69 years old. While some regions are trying to lower the age range to ensure more women access this useful screening exam every year: October is the month of breast cancer prevention .
As a rule, this examination is therefore recommended every 1-2 years, with the exception, however, of special cases in which specialists may suggest checks in shorter periods. The risk of breast cancer is also influenced by genetic causes. For this reason, if the family there are already cases of breast or ovarian cancer, are more diagnostic tests suggested.