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Hypothermia: the body must return to the correct temperature as soon as possible

young boy lying in the cold snow

When is hypothermia determined? Let's see what is the condition that causes the problem and what to do in difficult conditions.

Hypothermia is a very worrying condition which, in severe cases, can even lead to death. Generally, it is a problem that occurs only in particular conditions, which are experienced accidentally. Let's see what are the causes, symptoms and treatment.

Hypothermia: meaning and causes

Defined as a condition of extreme emergency, hypothermia indicates a situation in which the body loses heat quickly, with a drop in body temperature below 35°. When this happens the heart, the nervous system and other organs fail to function properly, so it is necessary to take measures because you risk death.

Generally, hypothermia has causes, indeed a very specific cause: the cold. Whether it is prolonged exposure to a low atmospheric temperature or immersion in freezing water, the body always reacts in the same way: chills, dizziness, nausea, hunger, rapid breathing, difficulty speaking, mental confusion, loss of coordination, increased heart rate and fatigue. This problem can also be associated with other pathologies, such as Addison's disease, sepsis , septic shock and burns.

Hypothermia: from symptoms to cure

Physiological hypothermia, from the very first symptoms, requires immediate intervention. It is necessary to bring the body back to the right temperature as soon as possible. It is not recommended to massage or rub the body, but it is advisable to go to a warm and dry environment, taking care to take off any wet clothing.

Wrap the body in dry blankets, also covering the head and leaving only the mouth uncovered. Green light also for drinks – non-alcoholic – and hot packs. The latter must never be done on the legs and arms, but only on the neck, groin and rib cage. In any case, remember that the first thing to do is go to the nearest hospital.

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