When is a complete check-up necessary, which exams does it include and what is its importance? Here’s what you need to know.
When we talk about a complete check-up we refer to a series of examinations and tests that we undergo according to the doctor’s instructions. This series of tests can be recommended in order to assess the general state of health and can also include very targeted assessments. But what is the objective of these medical tests and what is the link between the check-ups and health and prevention?
What is a check up for?
A medical examination program can be indicated by the doctor for several reasons, one of the main reasons why it is recommended to undergo a check-up is the identification of risk factors for certain diseases. Furthermore, these checks are also recommended for diagnosis and prevention purposes, in the latter case the prevention paths for pathologies that concern a specific category of people are included.
For example, a cardiological check-up may be recommended in the presence of risk factors such as obesity, high blood pressure or diseases such as diabetes. A check-up can therefore include both routine tests such as urine and blood checks, and more specific tests that are part of screening activities, such as a check for moles.
How to do a complete check up
Based on age, risk factors and clinical history, the doctor will recommend the most suitable type of tests. The most important basic checks that are performed certainly include blood tests , with which various parameters are assessed including cholesterol levels, blood sugar, triglycerides, iron values and the count and status of blood cells.
Routine examinations also include blood pressure control, urine tests and then visits with various specialists such as the cardiologist to undergo an electrocardiogram , the ophthalmologist to identify age-related diseases such as presbyopia, but also a periodic check of the moles. Alongside these more general tests, there may also be specific screening tests for some categories, such as MOC to diagnose osteoporosis in old age.
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